ELD Learning Center

On December 10, 2015 the FMCSA published the ELD Final Rule. After years of discussion, the switch from paper HOS logbooks to electronic logging was finally law. Drivers currently using paper logbooks have until December 2017 to get compliant.

What is an ELD?

An ELD is a device that is connected to a vehicle to automatically record driving hours for the purpose of preparing HOS reports.

ELD hardware

The recorded driving data can be accessed remotely (e.g. by dispatchers), viewed by the driver (using a smartphone or tablet) or a DOT officer (such as during a roadside inspection).

What is the ELD mandate?

The ELD mandate is legislation issued by the FMCSA, and enforced by the DOT, that requires all CMV drivers, subject to HOS, to record driving hours electronically using an approved tracking device.

Annette Sandberg (former administrator for FMCSA) explains the ELD mandate


Why is the FMCSA switching to ELDs?

In addition to the time savings offered by an electronic solution, the FMCSA have cited both safety (projected to save 26 lives and prevent 562 injuries annually) and financial ($1b in paperwork) reasons for the switch.

The FMCSA say it will also improve their ability to uncover non-compliant drivers and fleets that pose a risk to other road users.

Am I affected by the ELD rule?

The ELD mandate applies to all drivers currently required to record HOS (for their respective vehicle and journey type).* The vehicles these drivers operate will need to be fitted with a compliant ELD.

*See the article: ELD mandate exceptions

When does the ELD ruling come into effect?

The FMCSA mandate was published December 10, 2015 and requires drivers to be compliant within two years. This means drivers currently using a paper logbook to records FMCSA must switch to electronic logging before December 18, 2017.

Drivers using a 395.15-compliant device prior to December 2015 have until December 2019 to switch to the new ELDs (referred to as the 'grandfather' clause).

ELD timeline

I heard that I won't need an ELD until April 2018?

While the CVSA did announce that OOS (out-of-service) notices would not be issued for failing to use a certified ELD until April 2018, inspectors may issue fines or citations so it's imperative to be ELD compliant as soon as possible. OOS notices can still be issued for other HOS violations.

What are the benefits of switching to an ELD?

Fleets fitted with electronic logging devices reported improvements in several areas including a 12% reduction in crashes*, a drop in speeding and harsh braking incidents, a 25% saving in fuel costs and a 30% saving in unproductive idling**.

Download the free ebook to learn more about the benefits of switching to ELDs.

FMCSA Report: Evaluating the Potential Safety Benefits of Electronic Hours-of-Service Recorders

Source: "Benefits After Effective Deployment of Fleet Management System" - Frost & Sullivan 2015

Will an ELD automatically report my infringements?

No. ELDs are only for recording driver status. Logs can be accessed by DOT officers (for a roadside inspection or compliance audit) however they do not alert authorities automatically.

Are ELDs expensive?

There are several low-cost ELD options currently available for purchase. ELDs also offer ways to save on fleet costs, which means, when implemented correctly, can pay for themselves within a short space of time.

Does the ELD mandate apply to drivers in Canada or Mexico?

Drivers based in Canada or Mexico are only subject to the ELD rule if they drive on US roadways.

Who can help my fleet get ELD-compliant?

The FMCSA are running training events to help fleets understand the impact of the ELD changes. Telogis are also available to discuss the best ELD compliance solution that fits the needs of your fleet. Contact us today to get started.